Gender Biases in Qur’ānic Exegesis: A Study of Scriptural Interpretation from a Gender Perspective
This paper scrutinizes some gender biases residing in Scriptural exegesis—especially Qur’ānic interpretations—that exist and grow in Muslim societies. Most Muslims believe that the existing Qur’ānic exegesis is taken for granted, so it cannot be examined any more. As a matter of fact, an interpretation is man-made, which is not eternal. An interpretation is a product of an exegete. Therefore, Muslims actually can create many approaches to understanding the Qur’ān. However, this does not imply that the methodological approach utilized here is solely suitable for the Qur’ān. Perhaps, other Scriptures and religions can benefit from this approach. And when we talk about Scripture, we cannot avoid relating it to other subjects such as religion, culture, norms, values, language and so on. Since the Scripture is a part of religion, then the religion also becomes subject to examination. However, this study will only focus on the Scriptural exegesis, while the topic of religion will be used only when it is necessary.
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The Indonesian Journal of Leadership, Policy, and World Affair
Obama, Cairo and Indonesia’s Rise in the Islamic World
Abstract: Among the numerous speeches by heads of state and leaders of government during the past few years that can be rightly labelled as “spectacular,” two in particular stand out. The first was by US President Barack Obama, who delivered a speech before academics and guests at Cairo University on June 4, 2009. The second was by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who delivered an address at Harvard University in the United States three months later, on September 29, 2009.
Both speeches are spectacular because, in addition to Obama and Yudhoyono representing large communities, they both raised the issue of the Islamic world, which had been under scrutiny due to the terrible actions of a small minority of terrorists pretending to represent the Islamic movement.
Obama opened his speech with an interesting statement: “I have come here to Cairo to seek a new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world, one based on mutual interest and mutual respect, and one based upon the truth that America and Islam are not exclusive and need not be in competition. Instead, they overlap, and share common principles: principles of justice and progress; tolerance and the dignity of all human beings.”
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